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Shiraz ancient city of Love and Literature and the origin of first samples of Persian gardens is the unique example of hospitality. Shiraz used to be the capital city of Iran During Safarian, Buyids, and Zandieh dynasties.
Cyrus II, known as Cyrus the Great, was the founder of Achaemenid dynasty. His maternal grandfather was Astyages, the last king of the Medes, and his paternal grandfather was Achaemenes, the first founder of hereditary rule among the Persians. Cyrus presented a new empire based on morality, justice, and decency to the world. Unlike the previous emperors, he treated the defeated with compassion, enemies with tolerance, and those with opposing beliefs and customs with liberality. His statement in Babylon, written on a clay cylinder, is the first draft of the Declaration of Human Rights.
Today it is the place to smell the beautiful Shiraz roses and to buy the perfume and rose-water. Shiraz is also a place to walk in the gardens, see the Azadi Park Ferris Wheel and roundabouts occasionally crowded with excited schoolboys or to inspect the carpets in the bazaar. population of Shiraz is about 1.5 million.
This city tour include visiting of:
We’ll meet at 9 a.m. at your hotel in Shiraz for a “Welcome to Shiraz” meeting. Then we’ll Start city tour with visiting Zinat ol-Molk House, the magnificent Qajar mansion, is one of the attractions of Shiraz, Iran. The mansion once belonged to Qavam ol-Molk family, ruled over Shiraz for years; The house was named after the daughter of the owner, Zinat ol-Molk. This fabulous house is considered as the only house in Shiraz with a brick basement beneath its total surface. The construction was started in 1290 AH and finished by 1302 AH by Ali Mohammad Khan Ghavam ol-Molk. We’ll continue city tour with a visit of Shapouri House/Garden, The historical house of Shapouri belongs to the early Pahlavid reign in Persia (Iran).The shapouri House was built between 1930 and 1935. This nice house is located in city Centre (Anvari Street) of Shiraz. It has 840 square meters of underpinning and 4635 square meters of garden area and 2 stairs. Shapouri mansion was designed by Abolghasem Mohandesi, the well-known architecture of Shiraz, the owner was Abdolsaheb Shapuori one of the great merchants of Shiraz. This building is unique and very innovative. Shapouri House and Garden are precious examples of their time and represent the innovation and creativity of plans, facades and structures. The innovations applied on the structure of this garden have turned it into an Iranian-European garden. Some of the invaluable features of Shapouri House are the western (major) facade decorations, circular and designed gaseous columns, tiling’s with Archaemenids designs on the upper porch. This mansion was Registered as a National Building in 2000 with registration number 2781.
Then continue Shiraz city tour by visiting VAKIL complex, at first Vakil Mosque and Vakil Historic Bath will be visited.
The beautiful Vakil Mosque was begun by Karim Khan and is the only major mosque surviving from the late Zand period. Beside the entrance to the bazaar, it has two vast iwans to the north and south , a magnificent inner courtyard surrounded by beautifully tiled alcoves and porches ,and a pleasingly proportioned 75m-by-36m vaulted prayer hall supported by 48 carved columns. Inside the prayer hall are an impressive mihrab and 14-step marble minbar, carved from a monolith carried all the way from Azerbaijan. Much of the tiling,with its predominantly floral motifs and arabesques, was added in the early Qajar era.
Vakil Bath is one of the most highlighted monuments and historical baths in Shiraz which has been remained from Zand dynasty. Vakil Bath is a flawless representation of architectural developments of Zand Dynasty and was built in the center of Shiraz under the direct command of Karim Khan Zand. This structure is famous for its aesthetic beauties that force its visitors to walk with their heads held high above because the ceiling is much more impressive.
time for lunch in one of the best Iranian restaurant.
Nazar Garden or Pars Museum, it is known as Shiraz Pavilion and the oldest museum in Fars province. Pars Museum or Nazar Garden is the homage of numerous valuable items and objects from different historical eras, from pre-Islamic to post-Islamic. The building of Pars Museum was built in the middle of a garden and under the direct supervision of Karim Khan Zand, the famous governor of Shiraz. It has an irregular octagon shape in two stories with the ceiling that is more than 14-meter high. One of the most important parts of this museum is the grave of Karim Khan Zand. He was one of the most righteous governors in the history of Iran. Based on his will, he was buried inside the pavilion, on the eastern side. But it is interesting to know that this grave once became empty when then Agha Mohammad Khan, one of the Qajar Kings, decided to move the bones and place it under the staircase of Golestan Palace in Tehran based on his malice toward Karim Khan.
Then we will visit last place in this Shiraz city tour, Arg-e Karim Khan or Karim Khan Citadel, The citadel consists of four high walls. The lower section of the exterior walls is three meters in width. It is shaped like an incomplete cone and its width at the top reaches 2.8 meters. In the upper section of the wall, there is a small chamber, which houses soldiers and guards. Ramparts are built around the top of a castle with regular gap, some of which are small and diagonal for firing arrows or guns. The bigger gaps were for repelling the enemy. The palace’s entrance hall is rather large. Located in the eastern side of the citadel, it has one door which opens to the horse stable and another door, which opens toward the roof. Above the entrance gate there is a beautiful painting depicting a scene from the battle between Rostam and the White Demon, two mythical personas in the renowned Iranian poet Ferdowsi’s masterpiece ’Shahnameh’. Colorful enameled tiles are used in the painting. The king’s private bathroom, hall and guards’ residence are constructed behind this wall. There is a balcony in front of which there are two wooden columns and a square pond. The walls of the citadel are made of stone and baked clay is used in other parts of the building. Interior decorations include marbles of Yazd and Tabriz and large mirrors bought from Europe, Ottoman Turkey and Russia. Herbal colors and gold plates are used in the ceilings’ ornaments. The rooms are mainly decorated with flora designs.The citadel has three palaces and its entrance angle is allocated to services section. After the fall of Zand Dynasty and during the Qajar period, the citadel was used as the governor’s seat and turned into the residence of Fars governors. This situation continued until the early years after the coming to power of the Pahlavi dynasty. The tiles of the citadel were repaired at the order of the then governor, Prince Abdulhossein Mirza Farmanfarma (1857-1939). It was converted to the big city prison and was put at the disposal of the police department during the reign of Reza Shah, the first Pahlavi monarch (1925-1941) and afterwards .During all this time, all paintings were covered with plaster and all rooms and halls were turned into small prison cells by constructing walls.The citadel building was put at the disposal of the Cultural Heritage Organization and from this time attention is paid to rehabilitation of the building.Great attention has been paid to rehabilitation of the citadel to preserve the genuineness of the building and its beautiful paintings have been brought to light from under the plaster-work.This is one of the most important monuments of the Zand era and especially that of Karim Khan. It is also important because of depicting the architectural style of this era.
At the end of SHIRAZ City tour, we will drop you off at your hotel OR city center (Whichever is convenient to you).
You can stay in Bazar and Free time,…
Airport transfers are not included for city tours.